LUXATTING PATELLA IN DOGS

What is a luxating patella?

Medial Patella Luxation — Queensland Veterinary Specialists

The term luxating means ‘out of place’ or ‘dislocated’.

Therefore, a luxating patella is a kneecap that moves out of its normal location.

Pet owners may notice a skip in their dog’s step or see their dog run on three legs.

Then suddenly they will be back on all four legs as if nothing happened.

This is especially common in small breeds like Yorkshire terriers, Chinese crested, Maltese and Pomeranians.

While most affected dogs carry only one rear leg the majority actually have two bad knees.

Patellar Luxation

At what age, does Luxating Patella show in dogs?

BETWEEN FOUR AND SIX MONTHS OF AGE.

The condition is more common in toy dogs, but it could affect cats or larger dogs as well.

Occasionally it’s caused by trauma but most of the time it’s a genetic birth defect known as “polygenic trait.”

Symptoms: Luxating patella generally presents between four and six months of age.

WE COVER ALL OF OUR PUPPIES UP TO ONE YEAR WITH OUR HEALTH CONTRACT.

Your puppy will need to see your Vet a few times within this period, so IF your puppy has been diagnosed by a

Certified Veteranarian within the FIRST YEAR, with ANY issue,  we are willing to either refund your money, or replace

your puppy with another of equal size and color when available. (within the first year.) 

What grades are there in luxating patella?

Orthopedics 4 - PUG DOG CLUB OF AMERICA

  1. Grade 1 – The knee cap slips in and out of the groove, but returns to the normal position spontaneously.

  2. Grade 2 – The knee cap slips out of the groove occasionally and can be replaced with manipulation.

  3. Grade 3 – The knee cap slips out of the groove most of the time, but can be replaced with manipulation.

  4. Grade 4 – The knee cap slips out of the groove and cannot be replaced manually.

How are patellas treated?

  • Placing of an ice or cold pack to the area for 15-20 minutes, four times daily, for several days….

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain relief—These include ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin.

  • Can Joint Supplements help?

  • NuJoint Plus Dog Supplements Wafers
  • Glucosamine and Chondroitin: Both are crucial structural components of cartilage.

    Supplements that are rich in glucosamine and chondroitin are, therefore, believed to slow or prevent

    degeneration of joint cartilage and may help alleviate the pain associated with luxating patella.

  • Surgery

In many cases, many patients elect to have this problem surgically corrected.

Surgically correcting this problem is relatively easy with arthroscopic surgery.

Recovery

How to Treat Portosystemic Shunts in Yorkshire Terriers: 12 Steps

Total recovery time from patella luxation is normally 8 – 10 weeks.

Following the surgery, your dog may be non-weight bearing on the leg for several days.

Swelling and bruising are common and so anti-inflammatories and pain relief are dispensed.

Most dogs are able to return to longer walks during this period and can spend less time confined. 

Is luxating patella surgery successful?

The rate of success for a luxating patella surgery for dogs is 90%.

Most animals will have an uncomplicated recovery and be fully functional.

Luxating Patella | Animal Medical New City

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